How we wash and care for our clothes has a significant impact on the environment. It also has some direct health effects on you that you might not be aware of.
If you’re wearing natural fibers, you already have a head start. Natural fiber clothing is less prone to bacteria growth. This means it gets cleaner in the wash and you can usually wear it more than once before it grows odor causing bacteria and you need to toss it in the laundry again. Also, when you do wash natural fiber clothing it doesn’t release harmful products into the environment. Unlike its synthetic counterparts.
Check out these quick sustainable laundry tips below. If you’re interested in finding out more, check out the book Unraveling Threads: How to Have a Sustainable Wardrobe in the Age of Plastic Fabric.
Wash Laundry In Cold Water
Washing your laundry in cold water will not only save energy, but it will help your clothing last longer. About 90% of the energy used for a load of laundry goes to heating the water. Only use hot water if absolutely necessary to sanitize a load of laundry.
If you have concerns about bacteria and sanitizing every load, turn to vinegar. White distilled vinegar is a powerhouse when it comes to laundry and your washing machine. White distilled vinegar can fight odors from mildew to cigarettes and tackle tough underarm stains. It will also help pet hair from sticking to clothes and break up excess detergent to keep dark clothing darker and white clothing brighter. Vinegar is also a natural fabric softener. It’s also a powerful cleaning agent for your clothing and washing machine.
Running two cups of vinegar in an empty machine on a hot cycle will clean out detergent buildup, mold and mildew, hard water deposits. Doing this trick every three to four months will keep your machine clean and running more efficiently.
Make sure to check with your washing machine manual before using vinegar, as some manufacturers believe vinegar can be corrosive to certain rubber hoses and o-rings.
Reduce the Amount of Plastic Microfibers Released by Your Laundry
If you’re washing natural fiber clothing, you don’t need to worry about this. If you’re washing clothing made from polyester, acrylic, polyamide or nylon, spandex, lycra, or other plastic fibers then read on.
Synthetic clothing releases tiny bits of plastic during the laundry cycle. As the washing machine agitates clothing in order to separate the dirt and grime, tiny bits of fiber are also separated from the clothing. When microfibers are released from natural fiber clothing it isn’t an issue. The natural microfibers will decompose. But when microfibers are released from synthetic clothing, they create a significant disruption in the ecosystem.
Microfibers released from synthetic clothing (polyester, nylon or polyamide, acrylic, spandex, lycra, acetate, triacetate) are tiny pieces of plastic that can find their way into all sorts of trouble. The tiny plastics are carried through wastewater into the sewage system and eventually find their way onto agricultural fields and waterways. From there, they venture on. Plastic microfibers have been found in our food, bottled water, and the greatest depths of the ocean – the Mariana Trench. Tiny bits will travel.
So how can you prevent plastic microfibers from leaving your laundry? Here are a few tips:
- use a special laundry bag that catches microfibers (such as the GUPPYFRIEND)
- use a liquid detergent (not powder or pellets)
- wash a full load of laundry rather than partial loads – this reduces the agitation experienced by the clothing
- wear natural fibers
Use a Liquid Biodegradable Detergent & Just Enough
Liquid detergents are less abrasive to clothing and are also more effective than powdered detergents when used in cold wash cycles. Your clothes will last longer, release fewer microfibers, and get a more thorough clean in a cold cycle. And a biodegradable detergent is, well, biodegradable.
Using more than the recommended amount of detergent can actually leave your clothing dirtier. Buildup of detergent on your clothing can trap odors and compromise the color and structure of the textile.
Know Your Dirt
If you know what that stain is on the front of your shirt (or the seat of your jeans) you can use much more eco-friendly (and you-friendly) alternatives to get it out. Before you reach for an all-purpose all-harsh stain remover, try some of these methods using supplies you probably already have at home:
red wine – table salt
blood – hydrogen peroxide, remember to use cold water rather than hot (hot water will help the blood stain set in your clothing)
white deodorant marks – just rub lightly with a scrap of denim or a discreet corner of your jeans
oil based makeup – a clear dish soap
lipstick – baby wipes
coffee – baking soda
grass – white distilled vinegar
And with all washing methods, spot test the cleaning agent on a discreet corner first and always blot, never rub.
Hanging your clothes or laying them flat to air dry will not just cut back on your energy use, but will extend the lifespan of your clothes as well. This is especially true for your jeans and any articles of clothing that have even a small amount of stretch.
Skip the Dry Cleaning
Conventional dry cleaning processes use harsh and toxic chemicals to treat your clothing. These chemicals don’t stay at the laundromat, they remain in your clothing and come home with you while also off-gassing in your car and home. Perc – one of the harshest chemicals used in dry cleaning – is also found in drinking wells and soil. Read more about the dangers of perc and dry cleaning here.
Grab Your Sustainable Laundry Supplies Here
If you don’t have the above supplies already at hand, I’ve linked them here for you.
Biodegradable Liquid Detergent
Microfiber Catching Laundry Bag
If you found this helpful and would like to know more, then check out the book Unraveling Threads. Where you’ll find more tips, facts, and figures (like the highly debated question: how often should I wash my jeans?) about how to have a sustainable wardrobe and keep it fresher with a more eco-friendly approach.
Happy laundry day!